Soil Fumigant

Soil fumigants are pesticides that, when applied to soil, form a gas to control pests that live in the soil and can disrupt plant growth and crop production.

Soil fumigants are used on many high value crops and provide benefits to growers in controlling a wide range of pests, including nematodes, fungi, bacteria, insects and weeds. As gases, however, fumigants move from the soil to the air at the application site and may move off-site at concentrations that produce adverse health effects in people from hours to days after application.

Soil Fumigants have demonstrated consistent performance enabling marketable yields that are comparable to methyl bromide treatment at a distinctly lower cost to the grower. These soil fumigants, used in pre-planting treatment for the control of soil borne pests in a wide range of horticultural crops. They are a broad spectrum microbiocide, even against plant root nematodes, fungi and weeds. It also helps in improving crop quality and yield by enhancing plant vigour.

Key Features and Benefits

  • Soil Sterilization
  • Enables Crop Production
  • Prevents Weed Growth
  • Economical and Safer Alternative to Methyl Bromide

Brand Names

Metam Sodium

Sodium N-methyldithiocarbamate solution (C2H4NNaS2)

CAS No. 137-42-8

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Handling Measures
and Precautions

DANGER! Dilution with water may generate poisonous gases (Methyl isothiocyanate/ Hydrogen sulfide). Dilution with acids may generate flammable gases (Carbon disulphide/ Monomethylamine).

WARNING: Product is corrosive to skin. Do not get on skin or clothing. Avoid breathing vapor or spray mist. Toxic to fish. Do not contaminate water bodies.

Proper human safety products such as splash goggles, lab coat, dust and vapour respirator, NIOSH approved gloves and boots should be worn while handling and applying chemicals. Splashes on the skin should be washed off with water immediately. In case of splashing into the eyes, flush them with fresh water and obtain medical attention. Should not be injected.


Toxic Product! Store in its original container in isolated, dry, cool (below temperatures of 32⁰C) in well-ventilated areas. Avoid cross contamination with other pesticides and fertilizers. Should be stored in original vented containers, away from heat, direct sunlight and combustibles. Store in a cool and dry place. Please refer label and SDS for details.